Holocaust and massacres of Hindus in medieval India

   Wounds of the past continue to haunt the people. Without understanding the past, one can never fully understand the present. Therefore, we make an attempt to see a brief history of Muslim attacks on India- all done by foreigners. The aggressive design against India initiated in 636-37 AD by the Arabs and later on carried further by the hordes from the Middle East, has been continuing intermittently for centuries. These attacks started within 14 years of the birth of Islam in AD 622, and within 4 years of the death of the Prophet of Islam in AD 632.

   Belgium-based world famous scholar Dr Koenraad Elst has written “You wouldn’t guess it from their polished convent-school English, their trendy terminology, or their sanctimoniousness, but the likes of Romila Thapar, Irfan Habib or Gyanendra Pandey have blood on their hands.  The wave of Muslim violence after the Ayodhya demolition (and the boomerang of police repression and Shiv Sena retaliation) was at least partly due to the disinformation by supposed experts who denied that the disputed building had a violent iconoclastic prehistory, and implied that Hindus can get away with concocted history in their attacks on innocent mosques.  This disinformation gave Muslim militants the sense of justification needed to mount a “revenge” operation and to mobilize decent Muslims for acts of violence which they never would have committed if they had known the truth about Islam’s guilt in Ayodhya. (Source: “BJP vis-a-vis Hindu resurgence” by Koenraad Elst, Voice of India, 1997, or here )

Many Muslims genuinely believe that Islam spread in India due to Sufi saints, Muslim rulers were tolerant or else the whole of India would have converted to Islam. Of course, this is wrong. As we have seen Swami Vivekananda say, “Hindu population as quoted by Farishta was 60 crores and today we are only 20 crores.” Well known historian Dr K S Lal has written in his book “Growth of Muslim population in India” that according to his calculations, the Hindu population in India declined by 80 million from AD 1000 to AD 1525, perhaps the biggest ever holocaust in human history. This doesnt mean a mere 80 million killings. Many estimates put the number of Hindus killed in India as 280 million while Swami Vivekananda opined that the number was more than 400 million (Hindus reducing from 60 crores to 20 crores). The point is, Muslims even today believe themselves as victims and deny the crimes committed by Muslims against others. For example, a shocking number of Muslims (may be more than 95 % of them) including well-educated well-to-do people genuinely believe that 9/11 attacks on USA were done by Jews to make USA target Muslims, or by USA Government itself. Same is the case with Godhra and many other cases like 26/11, where Muslims simply deny that Islamic fanatics did these crimes and genuinely believe it. Sadly, the whitewashing of Islam’s guilt in massacring Hindus in medieval (as well as modern) times has affected many people, including Supreme Court judges.

We must quote only AUTHENTIC sources to make our point clear.  Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan has compiled Indian History in 11 volumes and the project was financed by the Nehru Government (who no one can ever accuse of being ‘communal’). The chief editor is world-famous historian the late R C Majumdar, who was India’s representative to UNESCO and is one of the most respected historians. The Volumes on Indian History are contributed by many eminent historians, including those from the then East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and West Pakistan. To see the past- we simply quote Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan’s “History and Cultutre of Indian People”. It is hoped that these authentic quotes make everyone (Indian Muslims included) realize the truth of Islam’s spread and atrocities on Hindus.

The chronology that follows is incomplete but indicative-


636 AD   – Arabs attacked Thane, near Mumbai [i]


c. 643     – Arabs invaded Debol at the mouth of the Sindhu[ii]


c. 660     – Arabs invaded Sindh[iii]


c. 661-   -Arabs sent six expeditions against Sindh[iv]


661-680 -Arabs sent expeditions against Kabul and Zabul[v]


685        – The Arabs killed the king of Zabul[vi]


699        – The Arabs ravaged Zabul[vii]


712        – Muhammad-bin-Qasim slaughtered many Hindus, killed King

Dahir and captured Sindh and gave settlement to 4000 Muslims[viii]


724-738- The Arabs sent several expeditions against Gujarat, Jaisalmer,

Jodhpur, Broach, Malava, Vallamandal, Ujjain[ix]


c. 739   – The Arabs invaded Kathiawar[x]


776       – The Arabs sent expedition against Barda, near Porbandar[xi]


c. 948   – Alptigin of Ghazni plundered Punjab several times[xii]

to 963


977-997- Subuktigin of Ghazni plundered Punjab several times & carried

immense wealth and killed many Hindus and converted many

Hindus of Peshawar. [xiii]Jaipal was the King at that time.


998-      – Mahmud of Ghazni carried out several invasions, looted immense

1030        treasure, killed many Hindus and converted many Hindus  [xiv]


1000     – Mahmud of Ghazni seized some parts near Peshawar[xv]


1001     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the kingdom of Jaipal, slaughtered

many Hindus, captured Jaipal and collected 250000 dinars and 25

elephants as ransom[xvi]


1004     – Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Bagi Ray’s kingdom Bhatiya,

plundered Bhatiya and converted many Hindus[xvii]


1005-6      – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Anandapal; in a battle near Peshawar,

Anandapal was defeated[xviii]


1007     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Sukhapal and plundered 400000



1008   –   Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Anandapal. 20000 Hindus were

         killed. Bhimnagar (=Nagarkot=Kot Kangra) was laid waste and

         [xx] looted its treasury which consisted of 70,000,000 royal dirhams,

               700400 mands of gold and jewellery & precious stones; clothes and



1009     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Narayanpur in Rajputana, broke many

idols, killed many Hindus and took booty[xxii]


1010      – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Multan and killed a large number of



1010      – Anandapal had to agree to send Mahmud of Ghazni annually 50

big elephants laden with valuables and 2000 men to serve the

court of Ghazni[xxiv]


1011      – Mahmud of Ghazni invaded Thaneswar, broke a large number of

idols and plundered[xxv]


1013      – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Nandana, killed many Hindus,

captured booty and a host of elephants[xxvi]


1014      – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Kashmir- took many Hindus as

prisoners and converted many Hindus to Islam[xxvii]


1015      – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Lokhot, a hill-fort in Kashmir[xxviii]


1018      – Mahmud of Ghazni crossed the five rivers of Punjab and crossed

Yamuna on 2 December 1018. The king of Baran (Bulandshahar)

surrendered and paid 1,00,000 dirhams and 30 elephants.[xxix]


Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Mahaban in Mathura and killed

nearly 5000 Hindus. The king Kulachand killed his wife first and

then himself.[xxx]


Mahmud of Ghazni plundered Mathura and captured idols of pure

Gold weighing 98,300 miskals. The idols of silver numbered 200.

He ordered to burn all temples and the houses. Mathura was

pillaged for 20 days.[xxxi]


Mahmud of Ghazni plundered Kanauj. King Rajyapal fled. The

Hindus were slaughtered. Kanauj had 10,000 temples. The idols

were destroyed.[xxxii]


Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and devastated Mung, near Kanpur.

Many Hindus were killed and all valuables taken.[xxxiii]


Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Asni, near Fatehpur. Its ruler,

Chandrapal, fled. The Hindus were slaughtered.[xxxiv]


1019     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked & plundered Sharva, near Saharanpur.

Its ruler, Chand Rai, fled. The booty of gold, silver and pearls

worth 30,00,000 dirhams and many elephants were captured. A

large number of Hindus were taken as slaves and sold at Iraq’s

Khurasan. In January 1019 Mahmud of Ghazni returned to Ghazni

with 20,000,000 dirhams, 53,000 prisoners and 350 elephants.[xxxv]


1020     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the Chandella kingdom of Vidyadhar

near Yamuna. The Hindu Sahi kingdom was completely ravaged.

Vidyadhar & Trilochanpal fled.[xxxvi]


Mahmud of Ghazni attacked and plundered Bari, the Pratihar

capital. Bari was razed to the ground.[xxxvii]


Mahmud of Ghazni chased the Chandella King Vidyadhar.

Vidyadhar fled. Mahmud of Ghazni captured a huge booty and 580



1021     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Qirat & Nur and forced the Hindu

rulers to embrace Islam. Their temples and idols were destroyed.[xxxix]


Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Lohkot, In Kashmir.[xl]


1021-22- Mahmud of Ghazni again launched an attack on the Chandella

Vidyadhar. Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Gwalior and Lakangara.[xli]


1024     – Mahmud of Ghazni started to attack the Somnath temple. On the

way- he ravaged Ludrava, Anahillapataka, Mundur, Dewalwara

etc. The Chalukya king Bhim I fled. [xlii]


1025     – He reached Somnath in January 1025. More than 50000 Hindus

were killed. The booty was worth 20,000,000 dirhams. The temple

was razed to the ground.[xliii]


1027     – Mahmud of Ghazni attacked Jats, killed thousands of Jats,

plundered their wealth.[xliv] He died in AD 1030.


1034      – Ahmad Niyaltigin plundered Banaras and carried away immense



1036     – Mahmud’s son Masud attacked Hansi, Sonpat and the kingdom of

Ram Rai.[xlvi]


1178     – Muhammad Ghuri attacked Gujarat and plundered Nadol[xlvii]

1191     – Battle of Tarain. Ghuri attacked Prithviraj- and was routed[xlviii]


1192     – Second battle of Tarain. He again attacked Prithviraj. One lakh

Hindu soldiers lost their lives. Prithviraj was killed. Temples were

demolished. Ghuri left behind his fanatic general Qutubuddin

Aibak to look after the affairs of India.[xlix]


1193     – The battle of Chandawar. Muhammad Ghuri killed Jayachandra;

plundered Asni and Banaras.[l]


1194     -Qutubuddin Aibak ousted Hari Raj  and captured Ajmer,

demolished 27 temples[li]


1195     -Muhammad Ghori attacked Bayana and Gwalior[lii]


1196     –Qutubuddin slaughtered 50,000 Rajputs and enslaved 20,000[liii]


1197     – Qutubuddin invaded Gujarat[liv]


1200     – Muhammad Khalji plundered Magadha; slaughtered Buddhist

monks of Odantapuri Vihar[lv]


1205     – Qutubuddin and Muizzuddin  in the battle between Jhelum and

Chenab killed Khokars and enslaved many others[lvi]


1233     -Iltutmish captured Bhilsa and plundered Ujjain[lvii]


1296      -Alauddin Khalji invaded Devagiri of Maharashtra[lviii]


1296 to  -His discriminatory regulations ruined the Hindus[lix]



1305     – Alauddin invaded Malava[lx]


1309    – His general Malik Kafur invaded Warangal[lxi]


1310    – Pandya kingdom invaded- immense booty and 250 elephants

were captured[lxii]


1325 to- Muhammad Tughlaq ruined Kakatiya, Yadava, Hoysala and

1351      Pandya dynasties of the South [lxiii]


Nagaya Gauna, Harihar, Bukka were forced to embrace Islam[lxiv]


1361     –Firoz Tughlaq slaughtered nearly one lakh Hindus near the Chilka



1362     – Muhammad Shah defeated Telangana king Vinayaka Deva and

killed him with barbarous cruelty[lxvi]


1458 to – Mahmud Begarha held Hindus of Gujarat in thrall[lxvii]



1467     – He invaded and plundered Girnar[lxviii]


1469     – He attacked Junagadh and forced Mandalika to embrace Islam[lxix]


1482     – Malik Sudha killed many Hindus of Champaner[lxx]


1483     – Mahmud Begarha plundered Champaner and killed and converted



1527     – Babur defeated Rana Sangram and killed him and Rajputs[lxxii]


1528     – Babur defeated Medini Rai- killed Hindus in Chanderi [lxxiii]


1565     – In Talikota- alliance of 4 Muslim kings defeated Vijaynagar king

Rama Raya and thousands of Hindus were killed[lxxiv]

This was a huge disaster. Within hours of Vijaynagar empire’s defeat, the great city was Vijaynagar was ruined, people fled, thousands were killed, all houses looted, burned and within a few hours the great prosperous city of Vijayanagr was ruined.

1568     – The battle of Chitor: Akbar defeated the Rajputs and ordered

massacre of 30,000 non-combatant Hindus[lxxv]


1663    – The Bijapur Sultan plundered Tirucherapalli[lxxvi]


1665    – Aurangazeb imposed taxes on Hindu traders[lxxvii]


1669    – He ordered demolition of schools and temples of Hindus. Many

temples were demolished-including Kashi, Mathura and  Patan



1679    – Aurangazeb reimposed jizyah tax on Hindus. Unable to pay this tax

many Hindus converted to Islam[lxxix]


1704    – Fifth attack on Anandpur by Vazir Khan. Guru Govind Singh’s

mother, brothers, followers were killed; his two sons bricked up

alive in a fort wall and then beheaded because they refused to

embraced Islam on 27 December 1704[lxxx]


1708    – Two Pathan Muslims stabbed Guru Govind Singh- he died soon[lxxxi]


1715    – On Farukh-Siyar’s orders Abdur Samad Khan geared up to

vanquish Sikh leader Banda. Many Sikhs were massacred[lxxxii]


1716    – Banda was brutally killed (Details too horrific)[lxxxiii]


1739    – Nadir Shah of Persian entered Delhi. People of Delhi suffered

terrible horrors. Their property looted, houses burnt, womenfolk

raped, the men slaughtered. Three to four lakhs were killed, treasure

worth 50 crores was plundered.[lxxxiv]


1748    – Ahmad Shah Abdali’s first invasion of India[lxxxv]


1750    – His second invasion of India [lxxxvi]


1751    – His third invasion of India[lxxxvii]


1756    – His fourth invasion of India[lxxxviii]


1759    – His fifth invasion of India[lxxxix]


1761    – His sixth invasion of India and the Third Battle of Panipat (on 14

Jan 1761) –in which the Hindus were crushed[xc]

1764    – His seventh invasion of India[xci]


1767    – His eighth invasion of India[xcii]


 These are just a few (repeat, just a few) examples. All these were foreigners’ attacks on India. But even after the end of the foreign Muslim rule-and during the British rule- there were numerous riots between Hindus and Muslims in India. In almost all these riots- Hindus suffered far more than Muslims. Even Mahatma Gandhi had to acknowledge this.

In 1921- in Malabar Moplahs committed horrible atrocities on Hindus- thousands were killed and thousands converted.[xciii]


In 1926 Swami Shraddhananda was murdered by a man named Abdul Rashid.[xciv]


And in 1946- on 16 August was the Direct Action Day of the Muslim League- and this saw the great Calcutta killings[xcv]


At the same time- horrible Naokhali riots were also seen.[xcvi]


The past is- never ever- far from the present. Hindus suffered horribly at the hands of foreigners for many centuries. This is just a brief summary. The horrid, lurid details of these events will make one’s hair stand on end. We saw after 1947 how Islam finished the entire Hindu population in Pakistan where Hindus are reduced to just 1-2 % now from 20 % in 1947 in West Pakistan and just 10 % in 2001 in Bangladesh from 29 % in 1947 and 34 % in 1901. In Pakistan, it was the world’s biggest unreported genocide, holocaust and massacre of minorities never reported or protested by anyone. And the West, until recently used to consider Pakistan as a tolerant Islamic state! Of course this is because the 20 % population finished by Pakistan was of Hindus. Had these same 20 % been Christians, things would have been different. Even in the Indian Union, Hindu population declined from 85 % (not including Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs) in 1951 to just 80.5 % in 2001 and now in 2011 it has come down in the 70s.


[i]   R C Majumdar : The History and Culture of Indian people; Vol. 3, p 167

[ii]    RCM                           ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p169

[iii]     RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p169

[iv]    RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p169

[v]     RCM                           ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p167

[vi]     RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p168

[vii]     RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p168

[viii]     RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol. 3, p170

[ix]     RCM                           ibid                                                    Vol. 3,pp172-73

[x]   RCM        The History and Culture of Indian People   Vol. 4, p 99

[xi]   RCM                             ibid                                                         Vol.4, p99

[xii]   RCM        The History and Culture of Indian People  Vol. 5,p2

[xiii]   RCM                          ibid                                                    Vol. 5,pp 2-5

[xiv]   RCM                          ibid                                                    Vol. 5,pp 5-22

[xv]   RCM                           ibid                                                    Vol. 5,p6

[xvi]   RCM                          ibid                                                    Vol. 5,p6

[xvii]   RCM                         ibid                                                    Vol.5,p7

[xviii]   RCM                        ibid                                                    Vol.5,p8

[xix]   RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.5,p8

[xxi]   RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.5,pp8-9

[xxii]   RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.5,p10

[xxiii]   RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.5,p10

[xxiv]   RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.5,p10

[xxv]   RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.5,p10

[xxvi]   RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.5,p11

[xxvii]   RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.5,p12

[xxviii]   RCM                      ibid                                                     Vol.5,p12

[xxix]   RCM                        ibid                                                      Vol.5,p13

[xxx]   RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.5,pp13-14

[xxxi]   RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.5,p14

[xxxii]   RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.5,p14

[xxxiii]   RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.5,p15

[xxxiv]   RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.5,p15

[xxxv]   RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.5,p15

[xxxvi]   RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.5,p16

[xxxvii]   RCM                      ibid                                                     Vol.5,p17

[xxxviii]   RCM                     ibid                                                     Vol.5,pp17-18

[xxxix]   RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.5,p18

[xl]   RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.5,p18

[xli]   RCM                               ibid                                                     Vol.5,p18

[xlii]   RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.5,p19

[xliii]   RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.5,p20

[xliv]   RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.5,pp21-22

[xlv]   RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.5,p61

[xlvi]   RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.5,p93

[xlvii]   RCM                            ibid                                                     Vol.5,p78

[xlviii]   RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.5,p110

[xlix]   RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.5,p112

[l]   RCM                                   ibid                                                     Vol.5,p54

[li]   RCM                                  ibid                                                     Vol.5,p120

[lii]   RCM                                 ibid                                                     Vol.5,p120

[liii]   RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.5,p121

[liv]   RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.5,p188

[lv]    RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.5,p123

[lvi]    RCM                               ibid                                                     Vol.5,p124

[lvii]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.5 ,p71

[lviii]    RCM         The History and Culture of Indian People         Vol.6,pp15-16

[lix]    RCM                               ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp23-25

[lx]    RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.6,p29

[lxi]    RCM                               ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp33-34

[lxii]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp35-36

[lxiii]    RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.6,p63

[lxiv]    RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp76-77

[lxv]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp92-93

[lxvi]    RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.6,p252

[lxvii]    RCM                           ibid                                                     Vol.6,pp162-166

[lxviii]    RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.6,p163

[lxix]    RCM                             ibid                                                     Vol.6,p163

[lxx]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol.6,p164

[lxxi]    RCM                            ibid                                                     Vol.6,p165

[lxxii]    RCM             The History and Culture of Indian People       Vol.7,p36

[lxxiii]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.7, p37

[lxxiv]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.7,pp414-415

[lxxv]    RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.7,p334

[lxxvi]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.7,p460

[lxxvii]    RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.7,p235

[lxxviii]    RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.7, p235

[lxxix]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.7, p235

[lxxx]    RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.7, p321

[lxxxi]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.7,pp322-323

[lxxxii]    RCM             The History and Culture of Indian People     Vol.8,p127

[lxxxiii]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.8, p127

[lxxxiv]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.8,p93

[lxxxv]    RCM                          ibid                                                     Vol.8, p123

[lxxxvi]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.8, p124

[lxxxvii]    RCM                        ibid                                                     Vol.8, p124

[lxxxviii]    RCM                       ibid                                                     Vol.8, p124

[lxxxix]    RCM                         ibid                                                     Vol.8, p125

[xc]    RCM                                  ibid                                                     Vol.8, p125

[xci]    RCM                                 ibid                                                     Vol.8, p125

[xcii]    RCM                                ibid                                                     Vol.8, p125

[xciii]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol. 11,pp360-361

[xciv]    RCM                              ibid                                                     Vol. 11,p436

[xcv]    RCM                               ibid                                                     Vol. 11,p748

[xcvi]     J.B.Kripalani: Gandhi                                                            p 254